types of sentences
types of sentences complex sentence simple to complex sentences complex sentence structure compound complex sentence simple compound complex simple compound complex
An assertive sentence is a simple statement or assertion, either affirmative or negative.
Pattern: Subject + verb + Object/complement/adverb
(i) English is an International Language. (Affirmative)
(ii) We do not do bad things. (Negative)
(iii) Everybody should know English. (Modal auxiliaries)
Interrogative sentence is a sentence that ask question to replay about some person or things and ends with a question mark (?). There are two ways to form an interrogative sentence. 1. Begins with helping verbs (am, is, are, was, were, have, had) or modal auxiliaries (shall, should, will, would, can, could, may, might etc.).
(i) Do you have your assignment ready?
(ii) Does he speak English?
(iii) Did she work abroad?
(iv) Should I go there?
(v) Can you hear the sound?
(vi) Don’t you want any food?
(Negative) 2. Begins with some specific words like (who, which, what, when, where, why, how, whom, how much, how many.) These are known as ‘WH’ questions.
(i) How is your business going on?
(ii) Who fixed the computer?
(iii) Whom do you support?
(iv) What are you expecting from me?
(v) What time is it now?
(vi) How many people have died there?
A sentence that expresses a request, command, order, advice, suggestion is an imperative sentence. In a imperative sentence, subject is usually unexpressed, it is understood. Pattern: Subject (Invisible) + verb + object / where
(i) Take care of you.
(ii) Give me the pen.
(iii) Do it now.
(iv) Be honest. (v) Come here
(vi) Never tell a lie
(vii) Do not laugh at others helplessness.
(viii) Let him go there.
Wish, desire, prayer are expressed by the Optative sentence. Pattern: May + Assertive
(i) May you live long.
(ii) May Allah bless you.
(iii) Wish you all the best.
(iv) Long live Bangladesh (can be formed without ‘may’)
Exclamatory is a sentence which expresses strong/sudden feeling or emotion like surprise, pain, delight, anger, disgust etc. Pattern: Alas/ Hurrah/ Bravo/ What/ How etc. + Others
(i) Hurrah! Our cricket team has won the series.
(ii) Alas! He has failed the competition.
(iii) Bravo! You have done a great job.
(iv) What a talent-full girl she is!
(v) How sweetly the cuckoo sings!
(vi) What a wonderful land Bangladesh is!
(vii) Were I a Super Hero!
(viii) What a pity!
(x) What an idea!
(xi) Put that down now!
(xii) Leave the package at the door.
(xiii) Walk softly, please.